Is essential a beauty cream applied daily to keep a face young and bright?  Have you ever considered the idea of curing your nutrition to help your skin? Improving the face skin without tormenting it with unorthodox do-it-yourself remedies is possible, you need to include in your diet foods that help fight skin aging. Some foods are real elixirs of beauty, try to believe!

What to eat to have a young skin? The most suitable diet to improve the skin of the face and fight skin aging excludes refined industrial foods, meat and dairy products, known to promote hormonal changes and the appearance of acne, but also the increase of insulin in the blood resulting in irritation to the skin.

The diet for a bright and compact skin is vegetarian: vegetables, fruits, legumes, cereals, dried fruits, oilseeds and occasionally blue fish, are foods that are good for the skin thanks to the nutrients they contain, which discourage cellular aging and therefore delay the appearance of the infamous wrinkles. To find out what these substances are, you just have to continue reading!

Which food is good for healthy skin

The perfect foods for your skin that need to be included in your diet are carrots, spinach, apricots, generally yellow, orange, red or dark green fruits and vegetables. They contain beta-carotene, which is metabolized by the body for the production of retinol. Retinol stimulates tissue renewal and consequently helps the skin to regenerate faster, which is essential if you want a smooth and bright face.

Omega-3 unsaturated fatty acids are other key allies for improving the skin of the face: they are the main responsible for a hydrated, nourished and compact skin and can be found in nuts, flaxseed and blue fish.

Antioxidants are essential for a beautiful skin, as they fight free radicals and combat cellular aging. Green tea is rich in it, as well as fruits and vegetables, cereals, legumes and dried fruits. The tomato is rich in antioxidants and lycopene, a component that keeps the skin young and helps to protect it from ultraviolet rays.

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How to get healthy skin by food

Selenium helps fight free radicals and protects against skin cancer. It is contained in mushrooms, brazil nuts, whole grains and fish. Whole grains, mushrooms and fish are also foods rich in B vitamins, essential for the nervous system and antioxidant effect.

Dried fruit contains selenium in quantity, but also copper, vitamin E and unsaturated fatty acids. Walnuts, hazelnuts, pine nuts and almonds are ideal for the daily skin care, since they promote the production of collagen and keep the skin young by counteracting the appearance of wrinkles.

Berries are also essential allies for a healthy skin, as they have an emollient and protective action of the capillaries, ideal for sensitive skin.

Beans, soybeans and olives contain powerful antioxidants, such as vitamin E, and bioflavonoids to keep your skin healthy and counteract cellular degeneration.

Why to use ProLon®

ProLon® is a mostly plant-based program and contains many of the above-mentioned foods: cereals, legumes, vegetables such as tomato, mushrooms, dried fruits. In this way, together with getting all the benefits of the Fasting Mimicking Diet program, you could also improve your skin health! What are you waiting for? Buy your ProLon® kit now!



Green leaves, strong smell, fresh taste… Mint is a perennial and resistant aromatic herb, which grows and develops easily if cultivated in the garden or in a pot to always have its fresh and fragrant leaves at hand. Let’s discover together its properties and the mint use in different facets through this article.

Is mint safe? Its properties

Because of the active ingredients contained in mint, it has healing and disinfectants properties. Mint is significant in case of gastro-intestinal disorders, helps the functioning of the liver and promotes digestion. Contains menthol, vitamin C, antibiotic substances, limonene and iso-valerate.

Mint, in the form of tea or herbal preparations, can be of help in case of diarrhoea and gastric disorders. Mint use can assist in the treatment of disorders such as cough and cold, due to its sedative and spasmodic properties. The menthol it contains is considered a vasodilator for the nasal mucosa. The use of products and preparations containing mint and menthol could interfere with homeopathic care. It is advisable to consult your doctor about this.

Mint tea 

For their herbal use, the flowers and mint leaves are harvested between July and August and left to dry in the open air. They are mainly used for the preparation of herbal teas. How to make mint tea? Thanks to the infusion of leaves in boiling water, calculating to use two teaspoons of dried mint for each cup of infusion, to be left to rest for fifteen minutes before filtering and drinking. More or less 500 millilitres of mint tea can be consumed per day.

Is mint tea good for you? The mint tea, for its menthol content, is recommended for its digestive and toning properties. Mint use can help to relax the muscles of the intestine and to promote the secretion of bile and the digestion processes of food through the digestive system. The intake of mint tea is not recommended in the evening hours, as it could disturb sleep, leading to episodes of insomnia.

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Another mint use is that of the mouthwash. A mint mouthwash to cool the breath and with an antiseptic action for the oral cavity can be prepared by leaving in infusion for ten minutes in 200 millilitres of boiling water a teaspoon of dried mint leaves. The infusion obtained should be filtered and allowed to cool before being used as mouthwash.

Essential oil of mint

Mint use is also famous for the creation of essential oil. It is recommended to make fumigations in case of cold and it is sufficient to pour a few drops in a liter of boiling water, of which you need to breathe the vapours that will be released.

Essential mint oil should not be applied to the skin of children, but can be used in very dilute form in the preparation of cosmetics or massage oils intended for adults. It is used for the preparation of herbal remedies to combat rheumatism. It can finally be used diluted in vegetable oil to make relaxing and anti-stress massages on the temples and neck.

Mint in the kitchen

Mint  is present in both fresh and dried cuisine as an aromatic herb to be used to flavour dishes. It is excellent as a dressing for salads, vegetables, legumes and cereals.

The dried mint leaves can be used together with lemon juice or zest to create an aromatic summer drink, simply preparing an herbal tea that will then be left to cool. Rubbing fresh mint leaves on the fingers can help to eliminate any unpleasant odours left on the fingers by garlic or onion.


In Prolon you can find several spearmint infusions, in order to take advantage of its various health properties during the Fasting Mimicking Diet program.

Do you like mint? How often do you use it? And in what way? Tell us all in the comments! ProLon®.



Every day we accumulate a lot of stress and anxiety that prevent us from living peacefully. Being able to counter all this tension is not easy, especially because we can never give us time for ourselves!

Being able to relax is essential to face with more strength and energy the daily challenges and commitments! You don’t need expensive wellness centres or special holidays, but just a few simple gestures to do at home, day after day, to regain a good mental and physical balance and get rid of stress! Ready to know our tips on do-it-yourself relaxation techniques? Read on!


What are relaxation techniques

Relaxation techniques are voluntary actions to regulate and manage states of anxiety and stress. These techniques are intended to relieve the individual from tension and restore his/her psychophysiological balance. In the West it is only in the last decades that relaxation techniques have made room because it has been accepted the idea that the organism is a complex system constituted by the interaction of mind and body.


Our tips 

What are our recommended relaxation techniques? The best way to purify the mind from negative thoughts and relax the body from all the accumulated tension is to think for a while to yourself! Give yourself moments of peace by doing what you love, without thinking of anyone else. Read a book, listen to your favourite music, give yourself a long skincare routine…

A very common and super effective method to meditate and relax comfortably at home is music. There are many perfect relaxing sounds to fight stress, each with its own characteristic. Classical music, for example, is among the most popular when it comes to anti-stress remedy. Some instruments, especially the piano, are loved for its ability to instil tranquillity and serenity

When you can, turn off your phone and get away, even if only for a few hours, from what surrounds you, maybe taking advantage of a nice hot bath. The water has a great relaxing power! There is nothing more calming than a nice shower or a hot bath, which loosens not only the psychological and mental tension, but also the physical one! A good anti-stress technique consists in supporting the jet of hot water behind the back of the neck and shoulders, that is the areas where nervous tension accumulates most, which will go away thanks to the massage of water.

The ideal time to relax is in the evening, just before bedtime. However, after learning to listen to your body, it becomes easier and you can do it at any time, to regain energy at work or to calm down after a long fight.

Dim the lights, turn off the TV, search for conditions of maximum tranquillity… Lay down on the ground on your backs, your hands at your sides, your eyes closed. Surrender and let the body spontaneously find the position of least tension. Let gravity guide your movements and that a progressive muscle relaxation happens. The joints will have to melt and move gently as if driven by the wind. Perform deep breaths, focusing on your abdomen, try to inflate it like a balloon during each inhalation and then slowly empty it during exhalation. Just relax…

Now concentrate on the face, keep your eyes closed without squeezing, let your eyelids gently lower. In a few moments you retrace in your mind all day. Collect your energies and transmit them to your forehead. Imagine someone gently pulling your hair down. The forehead follows the movement of the scalp, the skin of the face becomes ductile, the lips open, the jaw opens gently. The more time passes, the more tensions disappear. Your muscles become like butter, your skin an ice cream that melts in the sun, the hair seems to detach from your body. Abandon…

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Now the relaxation is total, the mind is in a quiet phase, the half-closed eyes are lost in the void. Peace and tranquillity reign in the room, your relaxation is such that you do not see and feel anything. Stay in this state for a few minutes and if you feel the need, falling asleep.

When you decide to return to reality, try slowly to regain control of the musculature. Try to rebuild your body slowly, lifting skin and muscles from the ground. The inhalations get deeper, the exhalations get shorter. Gradually regain control of your relaxed muscles, small shivers run down your back as a testimony to the energy that starts to flow again.

Rise slowly and open your eyes at the last moment. You feel satisfied, relaxed, a sense of tranquillity surrounds you, tensions have disappeared and above all you are aware that you have given back the right serenity to your spirit.


Have you ever tried these relaxation techniques or do you have personal and special methods? Do you give yourself moments of relaxation to remove stress and tension? Tell us all in the comments! Prolon.



Red, juicy, you can always eat it thanks to the many nutritional and therapeutic properties. What are we talking about? Tomato! It is a berry of various forms and a symbol of the Mediterranean diet, as well as a good and healthy ingredient. Did you know that the health benefits of tomato are numerous and that it can improve our lives? You may be wondering “And what are tomatoes benefits?” Well, read this article and find out!

10 health benefits of tomatoes.

  • They keep the skin healthy, since they are rich in lycopene, which, together with antioxidant benefits, helps to protect the skin from the harmful action of ultraviolet rays, in addition to keeping away wrinkles. Are tomatoes good for skin? Yes, of course!
  • They possess high levels of calcium and vitamin K, which are both good for repairing and strengthening bones. In addition, lycopene has been shown to be a valuable ally in combating osteoporosis.
  • The increase in the consumption of tomatoes could have an important impact on our lives: they help us to sleep better and, as well known, if we sleep well our lives also improve.
  • It’s great for eye health because of the action of beta-carotene and lutein, which protect your eyes from degenerative diseases. Whether it is raw or cooked is not important, but the advice is to eat them always ripe, because the greenish and unripe fruits not only do not contain all the beneficial substances but are rich in a substance, solanine, potentially toxic for the organism.
  • It is an excellent ally against aging, thanks to the presence of carotenoids (beta-carotene and lycopene) that protect from the harmful effects caused by free radicals and other oxidizing elements responsible for cellular aging.
  • Lycopene has antitumor molecules, which give the tomato an anti-cancer action. This action is more stimulated after cooking, since it improves the nutritional value.
  • Tomatoes are low in calories but are rich in nutrients and energy. They also help to curb appetite, as it is rich in water, and its high fibre content is an effective remedy against constipation.
  • They are good for the heart, are effective in reducing cholesterol levels and can lower blood pressure thanks to the high content of vitamin B, folic acid, niacin and potassium. In general, if they are included in the diet, tomatoes help to fight heart problems.
  • They reduce the damage caused by smoking since they contain coumaric acid and chlorogenic acid that help protect the body from carcinogenic substances present in it.
  • Tomatoes are an excellent source of vitamin C, which helps to strengthen the immune system.


In ProLon® you can find soups based on tomato, in order to take advantage of its various health benefits. Soups maintain the pure taste of tomato and they are also good in the summer version as Gaspacho.

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Do you know how to do yoga at home?

Have you ever thought that doing yoga in the early morning might really improve the quality of your day? Do you know how to do yoga at home? You just need willpower and constancy, that’s it! Are you willing to wake up a little early and enjoy 30 minutes of well-being as soon as you get out of bed? At first it may seem like a sacrifice, but the benefits will be evident from the first sessions. All you need is a well-ventilated room, a mat and (possibly) silence or soft music.

What is yoga good for?

Do you know what is yoga? Before illustrating the exercises to start your days in the best way, let’s see together what benefits yoga brings at sunrise:

  • Yoga in the morning can reduce or even eliminate several back pains due to poor posture during sleep, a mattress or a poor-quality pillow.
  • You will be able to recharge and feel your body active and vibrant. It often happens that you wake up even more tired than before and the desire to get back under the covers is too much. With this sweet routine you can start with energy and vitality!
  • It increases the flexibility. It is always useful as well as pleasant to spend a day full of commitments and feel your body flexible and soft. Don’t worry if as soon as you get up you feel stiff as a log, just a little patience and a regular breath to soften.
  • Increase the sense of well-being and relaxation during the day. Thanks to this practice you can take with you this sense of widespread well-being and also transmit it to the people around you.

The 5 exercises for a perfect day.

First it is important to remember that proper breathing is the key to the good performance of each exercise. Lie down on your mat and begin to breathe normally, trying to synchronize the length of the exhale with that of the inhale. Now let’s see how to do yoga at home and what are the best 5 exercises in the morning:

  • Sun salutation. Get up and take to the top of the mat by starting the Sun salutation Surya Namaskara. Do a few cycles (5 minutes) in order to heat the whole body and finally rest on the mat. Listen to what has changed in muscular and respiratory. The sun salutations are potentially endless, and the rhythm of the sequence can also vary, as each instructor can change the cycle by adding new positions to increase the intensity of movement and to involve additional muscle chains.
  • The position of the cat. Move into quadrupedal position and try to keep your wrists aligned with your shoulders and open your knees as wide as your pelvis. Now let’s begin to inhale and look forward arching the column, exhale and bend your back looking towards the navel (try to relax as much as possible the neck). This position will allow you to awaken your spine and begin to dissolve mild contractures and tensions.
  • Balasana, the position of the child. To enter the balasana, it is necessary to bring the buttocks on the heels and stretch the arms forward imagining touching something beyond the mat. If the classic version of balasana creates pain, there are small adjustments or changes to the position. It is important to focus on the breath: imagine creating space between each individual vertebra stretching your arms and breathing deeply. In this position it is possible to breathe bringing the attention to the chest and lungs that expand naturally, without blockages. For this reason, the position is also used as a remedy for anxiety, claustrophobia and various respiratory problems. In each inhale you feel the navel rising gently, in each exhale you retract the abdomen towards the column with gentleness and patience.
  • Cobra, Bujangasana. From the supine position it is necessary to hold the arms still and raise the torso in a gentle but tenacious way. The legs should be held taut and perfectly parallel, the elbows should remain slightly flexed and the palms should remain on the ground. It is important to keep the contracted buttocks in order to protect the lower back.
  • The position of the Half-moon. Standing in the position of the mountain. Feet and legs together, bring your arms up with your hands together and tilt the entire torso to the right. Breathe in deeply and feel your chest expand. Repeat from the other side.


First of all…Do you know what is a Prolon kit? What are Prolon benefits? And regarding Prolon results or recommendations? Through this article we try to answer these questions in order to help you having a clearer idea about this Fasting Mimicking Diet plan.

ProLon® is a scientifically studied 5-day dietary program. It was after 15 years of studies athe Longevity Institute and Diabetes and Obesity Research Institute of the University of Southern California (USC) that the first ProLon kit has been developed. It is the first Fasting Mimicking Diet plan, which nourishes your body giving support to your health. In which way? Providing the body with a scientifically developed combination of macronutrients, as fats, carbohydrates, proteins and micronutrients, like essential vitamins and minerals.

What constitutes the ProLon kit?

ProLon kit is composed by 5 small boxes and each of them contains the food of a specific day, between plant-based energy bars, soups, a variety of snacks, drinks and supplements, all studied and carefully designed to nourish your body and promote positive changes. The dietary program provides approximately 750 to 1100 calories per day and you need to follow the program for 5 consecutive days, not consuming any other food and no additional liquid other than water, not even the coffee. Then, you can resume your normal diet.

ProLon benefits

Benefits of fasting.. but eating! Is it possible? Yes! ProLon benefits lead to fast without giving up food, go too hungry, or eat lots of unnatural ingredients. It removes the need for water-only fasting, while responding to the unmet need of providing an accessible, proven and safe dietary programme that does not require ongoing lifestyle changes, such as long-term dieting.

ProLon benefits also concern the stimulation of cellular entry into a high protection and stress resistant mode, removal of damaged intracellular components, self-repair through cellular rejuvenation, all this enhancing performance and feeling greater focus, clarity and energy. Through its revolutionary meal plan, scientifically designed and clinically tested to mimic the effects of fasting, furnishes the proper daily nourishment and the feeling of satisfaction.

Recommendations about ProLon use

Being a low-calorie diet, it is better not to undertake this path if you are allergic to some foods like nuts, or soy, you are pregnant, you have signs of an active infection, you are underweight, or you are at risk of repetitive infection. Before starting the ProLon Fasting Mimicking Diet plan, it is recommended to talk and consult your doctor.

In addition, during the cycle it would be good to avoid certain activities that could weaken our body even more, such as physical exercises that lead to a high calorie consumption or exposure to high temperatures.


If you want more detailed and scientific information about ProLon kit, you can visit the different section of the website.



Herbal teas are one of the most drunk beverages in the world with 400 billion cups per year! Do you want to know herbal teas benefits and the best way to prepare a special tisane? So…Read the article below!

Herbal teas benefits.

Besides being pleasant, they can give a hand to the organism and can be the answer to your small daily ailments. In addition to plants that have healing virtues, herbal teas are composed of 90% of water, so they are a valid help for those who are following a diet. They do not contain caffeine, so they can be drunk throughout the day and are often a great ally for those who can not drink the 2 liters of water recommended per day.

Drinking herbal teas is the easiest way to enjoy the benefits of plants. You can consume them for the pleasure of enjoying them, to relax but also to share a moment with friends or with your husband the night before going to bed.

The art of making an excellent herbal tea recipe.

Preparing a herbal tea is not complicated and is affordable for everyone, but preparing an excellent herbal tea recipe is an art! The most important thing is to know how to use the right ingredients and the tools of the trade.

You need a kettle, a teapot, a strainer or a ball infuser and a cup! Never use metal to make an herbal tea! Tap water is fine if it does not contain too much limestone. If you prefer mineral water, choose a mineral-poor water with a neutral pH (around 7%).

Do not prepare the herbal tea too early and throw it away if you have not consumed it within 24 hours, unless the recipe specifies that you can keep it.

Respect both the dosage, the infusion times, and the duration of the treatment that you find written on the package or that told you the phytotherapy. If the infusion times range from 3 to 10 minutes, start with 3 minutes and, if the flavor does not seem too harsh, increase the infusion time. Remember: never increase the doses thinking of greater effectiveness of the plant, do not forget that plants are also called drugs!

Supermarket or herbalist’s shop?

The quality of the product you buy is of fundamental importance. What to think of the tea bags you find at the supermarket? If you don’t have time to go to the herbalist’s, then a green tea bag is fine. If you can, just get it from a health-food store. It is obvious that going to the herbalist’s shop and buying the plant in bulk is much better, because in this way you can prepare natural herbal teas.

Plant conservation.

Dry plants are kept away from light and heat. The best way to take advantage of herbal teas benefits is to buy them in bulk and leave them in the original envelope. So, when you arrive home, keep them in an airtight box, such as a glass container. Remember: after some time plants lose their active ingredients and especially their aroma and perfume, so if you decide to start drinking herbal teas again, try to remember if the green tea you have in the pantry dates back to 2 years ago and, if the answer is yes, throw it away and go back to the herbal shop!

Sugar or no sugar?!

Another piece of advice to make the most of herbal teas benefits? It is useless to drink 2 cups of green tea a day to fat loss if in each cup you put 2 tablespoons of sugar to sweeten! If the sour taste of a plant bothers you, you can use a spoonful of honey that is definitely less caloric than sugar and is the natural sweetener ideal for herbal teas. It also has soothing properties and thanks to its active ingredients calms heartburn. If you find the herbal tea too sour and can’t drink it, increase the amount of water and keep the same amount of plants.

Conditions of use and advice.

If you are suffering from a chronic infection or if you are taking medication, the opinion of your doctor is very important. Ask him/her if these plants can interfere with the medicines you take.

If you are pregnant, be very careful because some plants might bother the fetus.


You know all about this red plant? Don’t worry! Through this article we will discover its origin and distinguishing characteristics, how to use chili pepper, its properties and benefits, but also its contraindications. Following we will focus on one of its most famous characteristics, the spicy taste, and to finish a few fun facts!

Historical origin.

Chili pepper, in Latin Capsicum annuum, is an annual plant belonging to the family of Solanaceae, the same of potatoes, eggplants, tomatoes and tobacco. Native to the American continent, it was brought to Europe by Christopher Columbus, back from his second trip in the New World.

Characteristics of chili pepper.

The chilli has an erect stem, white flowers and elongated fruits that during the growth phase pass from green to yellow to bright red. The peculiarity of the fruit is the spiciness on the palate, characteristic given by the capsaicin, an alkaloid present inside it in varying concentrations depending on the species considered.

In addition to the spicy taste, capsaicin is a rubefacient substance, that is able to stimulate and increase blood flow. The typical spicy flavour makes chili an ideal spice in the kitchen to season and flavor our recipes. But being very rich in active ingredients, chili pepper use is also famous in topical preparations to counter arthritis and muscle pain.

Its fruit contains vitamins (C, E, K, B, A), mineral salts including calcium, copper and potassium, carotenoids, bioflavonoids and lecithin. In particular, chili is rich in vitamin C: 100 grams of this spicy fruit contain 229 milligrams against 50 of orange!

Beneficial properties.

Chili pepper use is helpful as natural remedy that stimulates blood circulation, counteracts the onset of bacteria, lowers cholesterol and activates metabolism.

The main benefits of chili are:

-improving blood circulation;

-promoting intestinal motility;

-reducing blood cholesterol;

-being antioxidant, antibacterial and antihistamine;

-preventing infections;

-being expectorant;

-stimulating the vitality of the tissues;

-activating the metabolism.

The chili pepper use is also advantageous because capsaicin stimulates some receptors, including those of the tongue, which make us feel the typical spicy flavour, as we will see, but also acts on those located at the level of brown adipose tissue, the so-called Bat. This tissue has the function of releasing fat in the form of heat. The intake of chili, in fact, makes us feel a sensation of heat, which does not correspond to a real rise in body temperature.

By activating the Bat receptors, capsaicin is able to release fat cells in the form of energy and temperature, instead of storing them as stocks…and not only. Capsaicin, in fact, is able to decrease the secretion of Grelin, a pancreatic hormone responsible for the hunger sensation. In this way, the appetite signal is weakened, and we are led to ingest less food.

Contraindications of chili pepper use.

Due to the numerous health properties, the consumption and in any case the excessive chili pepper use can be irritating for the gastric mucosa. Therefore, it is not recommended to use it in case of ulcer, gastroenteritis, cystitis, hepatitis, haemorrhoids. Moreover, children under 12 and pregnant women should limit their consumption.

The famous spicy taste.

As we have seen, the spicy taste is conferred to the chili from the capsaicin, substance that is found in all parts of the fruit. Contrary to what is commonly believed, capsaicin is not concentrated only in the seeds, but is mainly found in the so-called placenta, the white inner membrane to which the seeds are attached. It is also contained in discrete quantities in filaments and seeds. The placenta, as well as the seeds and their filaments, is located around the head of the fruit. For this reason, the tip of the chili is less spicy than the top.

There are more than 3 thousand varieties of chili, each with a different degree of spiciness. To measure its specific level, an empirical scale of value is used, the so-called Scoville scale, from the name of the chemist who invented it.

This scale goes from 0 to 10 degrees. The Scoville (SU) units measure the amount of capsaicin present inside the fruit and it is calculated on a scale ranging from 0, the value of the sweet pepper, up to 16 million of pure capsaicin!

Dampen the burning of chili pepper.

The spicy taste of chili pepper is given by the action of capsaicin on the receptors of the tongue, causing a burning sensation similar to what you get when you ingest a very hot food. It’s just that the chili sensation lasts longer.

To dampen the burning of chili pepper, it is useless to swallow a lot of water. Capsaicin is soluble in alcohol or fat, in particular casein. So, it can be useful to sip a glass of wine, eat cheese, a yogurt sauce or sip a little milk. That’s why in Mexican cuisine, that is very spicy, it is used to accompany meals with sour cream, as well as in Indian cuisine where dishes are accompanied by lassi, drink made from yogurt.

In any case, even a simple slice of bread is a very effective remedy against burning, as chewing the crumb removes capsaicin molecules from the tongue receptors.

Curiosities and fun facts.

Capsaicin represented the stratagem devised by Mother Nature to ensure survival and reproduction to the plant of chili. The typical spicy taste kept away the mammals, who would eat the seeds, destroying them entirely through digestion.

On the contrary, birds are immune to capsaicin because they do not feel its taste because they lack the receptors on which this substance acts. It is thanks to them that the pepper plant has managed to survive and reproduce. The seeds ingested by the birds, in fact, are dispersed during the meal or through the faeces.



This article will provide an analysis of a diet based on calorie restriction and its ability to promote metabolic and cellular changes in order to allow you to learn more about it. It is important to start stating that the human being is programmed to withstand periods of dietary restriction. The evolution has led to a gradual change in the mechanisms complexes that regulate energy homeostasis.

From different data, calorie restriction can promote metabolic changes that can positively influence oxidative damage and inflammation, optimizing energy metabolism.  Fasting is the most extreme form of calorie restriction and it involves abstinence from food, but not from water. It can be done in intervals, such as intermittent fasting, or periodically as a prolonged fasting, if it lasts more than 2 days. In humans, consumption of a strict amount of kcal/day for 2 days a week showed positive effects on various parameters of metabolic health.

The discovery of Fasting Mimicking Diet.

Professor Valter Longo, director of both the Longevity Institute at the University of Southern California and The Program on Longevity and Cancer at IFOM in Milan, after discovering two of the three metabolic pathways that cause cellular aging, undertook a study together with his research group in order to identify a major impact surgery that would reduce or reverse biological aging.

The studies carried out, sponsored by the National Institute of Health, the National Cancer Institute and the National Institute on Aging, have led to the creation of a plant-based dietary protocol, easy to use and proven effective, called Fasting Mimicking Diet. This food program aims to keep the body in a state of fasting while eating. Experiments conducted on murine model have shown that cycles of FMD contribute to a modulation in their life span (health span).

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Fasting Mimicking Diet plan in detail.

While mimicking a food-free condition, the FMD  nourishes the organism through a food protocol entirely vegetable, gluten-free and lactose-free. Its precise nutritional formulation is the result of about twenty years of research.

Every day Fasting Mimicking Diet has a very specific nutritional profile. The five-day protocol is low-calorie and low protein, with about 1100 kcal in 1° day and 700 kcal from 2° to 5°day, of which 9-11% are vegetable proteins, 44-46% lipids, mainly unsaturated, and 43-47% carbohydrates. During FMD, the content of simple sugars does not reach 10%.

The objective is to obtain the periodic flection of metabolic pathways typical of calorie restriction. In healthy subjects with an active lifestyle, FMD may be repeated after 6 months, but with increased criticises for metabolic health or irregular lifestyle FMD may be done more frequently, under evaluation of the referring nutritionist and/or doctor.

Fasting Mimicking Diet benefits ad effects.

With the Fasting Mimicking Diet, you can get many benefits while enjoying food, such as:

-Enhancing performance, feeling greater focus, clarity and energy, through the benefits of a leaner body;

-Fatting focused weight loss, while protecting lean body mass;

-Enhancing cellular renewal through triggering cell-based self-repair and autophagy, the clean-up of aging and damaged cells, and promoting rejuvenation from within;

-Keeping metabolic health, in order to support overall wellness.

Periodic calorie restriction and lasting changes in our daily diet can greatly affect our body’s ability to grow old healthy.

In the field of nutrition science, there are many lines of action that can be applied to the subject. FMD is able to elicit all the positive effects of water-only fasting, which occur on a wide range of topics related to longevity.  Moreover, each FMD cycle is alternated with a daily diet mostly pescatarian, vegan-based, rich in legumes and dried fruits.



The bluefish is an explosion of nutrients. What distinguishes it from other fishes is the presence of omega 3 benefits, which are important for keeping the heart and arteries healthy.

Characteristics of blue fish.

The species included in the designation of blue fish are manifold, some very similar to each other, enough to be difficult to distinguish between them; others with quite different characteristics. The category has nothing to do with the scientific taxonomy of the fish species, but it has been designed to enclose fishes with medium-small size, colour of the back from dark blue to white and with certain nutritional characteristics. The main ones are anchovies, sardines, mackerel, herring and eel.

Nutritional aspects of blue fish.

Fish has always been considered a source of protein just like meat. Despite the amount of protein is slightly less, it has a high biological value, presenting all the essential amino acids in the right proportions.

The lipid profile, on the contrary, is quite different from that of the meat. Poor in saturates, blue fish is considered a precious source of polyunsaturated fat acids.

In addition, the linolenic fat acid of the omega 3 class is present. There are different omega 3 benefits, in fact these fat acids are very important for the development of the nervous system and for the prevention of diseases of the circulatory system, carrying out numerous actions aimed at maintaining the health of the arteries and heart.

The good news is that to take advantage from health benefits of consuming omega 3, it is not necessary to consume only fresh fish. The canned mackerel and frozen blue fish maintain good levels, even at low temperatures, of precious fats. In the kitchen, the type of cooking to prefer is steamed, baked or baked.  In addition, speaking of cooking, it would be better not to add salt, given the high amount of sodium present in the fish.

In addition to be a good source of healthy proteins and fats, blue fish is rich in vitamins and minerals. Among the vitamins, stand out those of the group B and the fat-soluble A and D. Moreover, fishes that can be eaten entirely, such as anchovies, are a good source of calcium and, in fact, a portion covers about 22% of the daily needs of the mineral.

Nutritional values ​​per 100 g of bluefish.

Anchovies: Energy (kcal) 96; Proteins (g) 16,8; Lipids (g) 2,6; Total saturates (g) 1,3; Carbohydrates (g) 1,5; Potassium (mg) 278; Iron (mg) 2,8; Calcium (mg) 148; Phosphorus (mg) 196; Sodium (mg) 104; Iodine (mg) 29; Zinc (mg) 4,20; Vitamin E ATE (mg) 0,29;

Mackerel: Energy (kcal) 170; Proteins (g) 17; Lipids (g) 11,1; Total saturates (g) 2,6; Carbohydrates (g) 0,5; Potassium (mg) 360; Iron (mg) 1,2; Calcium (mg) 38; Phosphorus (mg) 264; Sodium (mg) 130; Iodine (mg) 117; Zinc (mg) 2; Vitamin E ATE (mg) 0,25;

Herring: Energy (kcal) 216; Proteins (g) 16,5 ; Lipids (g) 16,7; Total saturates (g) 3,3; Carbohydrates (g) 0; Potassium (mg) 320; Iron (mg) 0,9; Calcium (mg) 63; Phosphorus (mg) 113; Sodium (mg) 150; Iodine (mg) 36; Zinc (mg) 1,10; Vitamin E ATE (mg) 1,20.